Good Friday (from the senses pious, holy of the word “good”), is a religious holiday observed primarily by Christians commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and his death at Calvary. The holiday is observed during Holy Week as part of the Paschal Triduum on the Friday preceding Easter Sunday, and may coincide with the Jewish observance of Passover. It is also known as Holy Friday, Great Friday or Easter Friday, though the latter normally refers to the Friday in Easter week.
Based on the details of the Canonical gospels, the Crucifixion of Jesus was most probably on a Friday. The estimated year of Good Friday is AD 33, by two different groups, and originally as AD 34 by Isaac Newton via the differences between the Biblical and Julian calendars and the crescent of the moon. A third method, using a completely different astronomical approach based on a lunar Crucifixion darkness and eclipse model (consistent with Apostle Peter’s reference to a “moon of blood” in Acts 2:20) points to Friday, 3 April AD 33.
Celebration of Gospel 2012
1. Amber Riley, Jennifer Holiday, Yolanda Adams, Shirley Caesar1 of 17
2. Faith Evans2 of 17
3. Earnest Pugh3 of 17
4. Maurette Brown Clark4 of 17
5. cgjessicareedy-318x4785 of 17
6. Steve Harvey6 of 17
7. Michelle Williams7 of 17
8. Fred Hammond8 of 17
9. Kirk Franklin and Mali Music9 of 17
10. Leandria Johnson10 of 17
11. The Rance Allen Group11 of 17
12. Marvin Sapp12 of 17
13. cgrickydillard-318x47813 of 17
14. Wendy Raquel Robinson14 of 17
15. Zacardi Cortez15 of 17
16. Celebration Of Gospel16 of 17
17. Ledisi17 of 17
The Celebration of the Passion of the Lord takes place in the afternoon, ideally at three o’clock, but for pastoral reasons a later hour may be chosen. The vestments used are red (more commonly) or black (more traditionally).[ Before 1970, vestments were black except for the Communion part of the rite when violet was used. Before 1955 black was used throughout. If a bishop or abbot celebrates, he wears a plain mitre.
Good Friday is the Friday before Easter, which is calculated differently in Eastern Christianity and Western Christianity. Easter falls on the first Sunday following the Paschal Full Moon, the full moon on or after 21 March, taken to be the date of the vernal equinox. The Western calculation uses the Gregorian calendar, while the Eastern calculation uses the Julian calendar, whose 21 March now corresponds to the Gregorian calendar’s 3 April.